Short term disaster recovery programme, Bihar flood 2013

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TIMELINE: 2013 October –April 2015

Bihar faced both floods and drought at the same time in 2013. Floods were on account of heavy rainfall in the upper Ganges (Ganga) basin of Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand and Madhya Pradesh between July-August 2013. The districts close to river Ganges, especially the inland villages along and on the basin suffered through flash floods. Both the height of water level and duration of water logging had surpassed the record of last 30 years. On the other hand, from 1st June till 11th September 2013, North Bihar received deficit rainfall (668.6mm), destroying crops, drying water bodies, causing water stress for agriculture, humans and animals.

GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE: The programme was implemented in 8 district of Bihar, namely, Aurangabad, Bhojpur, Munger, Begusarai, Khagaria, Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur and Banka, covering 53 villages in 15 blocks.

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Impact

  1. Shelter- 350 Dalit families whose houses were completely damaged were provided with tin sheets, bamboo and labour charges for rebuilding their shelter, with DRR enabled features integrated into the construction.
  2. Water and Sanitation- 1300 Dalit populated hamlets that faced drinking water problems due to damaged hand pumps, were supported with repaired and elevated hand pumps to avoid further submergence in floods and chlorine tablets for safe drinking water, as well as availability of enough water for cleanliness and sanitation needs.
  3. Livelihood- 1250 Dalit families were provided conditional cash transfer to regain their livelihood capital for regenerating water harvesting structures and plantations etc.
  4. Improved efficiency of water and soil fertility- 1250 families were supported with techniques of plantation and agricultural practices to improve soil aggregation and enhancement of soil fertility.